Rorschach Inkblot Test
Rorschach Inkblot Test consists of 10 cards, each containing
symmetrical inkblots, some in color and some in black and white.
Developed by psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach in 1921 as a tool
for personality assessment, it is still used today by clinical
psychologists in any number of settings including schools, courts
its continued usage by psychologists, the Rorschach has more
in common with astrology and palm reading than with science.
The Rorschach is probably the best known projective test, a
type of test used to infer a person's motives, thoughts, perceptions
and conflicts on the basis of the person's interpretation of
ambiguous or unstructured stimuli. According to associate professor
of psychology Scott O. Lilienfeld, PhD, because "projective
measures grant subjects considerable leeway in their responses
. . . the range of possible answers is often limited only by
the respondent's ingenuity, loquacity, or both." Projective
tests are therefore difficult to standardize in any useful or
For a comprehensive history of the Rorschach, visit the International
The Original Rorschach Website: Online resource for information
about the Rorschach Inkblot Test.
For information on the problems with the Rorschach Inkblot
Test and other projective tests visit these links.
according to Scott O. Lilienfeld, "With the possible exception
of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study (PFS) and Loevinger's
Sentence Completion Test (SCT), however, the levels of validity
[for projective tests] are modest at best and nonexistent at
worst. It seems safe to conclude that the popularity enjoyed
by most projective tests is outstripped by the mediocre, and
in most cases feeble, evidence for their validity.
Skeptical Psychology © 2004
Last updated: 12/01/2004