or Handwriting Analysis, is the study of handwriting, especially
when employed as a means of analyzing character. Real handwriting
experts are known as forensic document examiners, not as graphologists.
Forensic (or questioned) document examiners consider loops,
dotted "i's" and crossed "t's," letter spacing,
slants, heights, ending strokes, etc. They examine handwriting
to detect authenticity or forgery.
Graphologists examine loops, dotted "i's" and crossed
"t's," letter spacing, slants, heights, ending strokes,
etc., but they believe that such handwriting minutiae are physical
manifestations of unconscious mental functions. Graphologists
believe such details can reveal as much about a person as astrology
, palm reading, psychometry, or the Myers-Briggs personality
is claimed to be useful for everything from understanding health
issues, morality and past experiences to hidden talents and
mental problems. However, "in properly controlled, blind
studies, where the handwriting samples contain no content that
could provide non-graphological information upon which to base
a prediction (e.g., a piece copied from a magazine), graphologists
do no better than chance at predicting... personality traits...."
["The Use of Graphology as a Tool for Employee Hiring and
Evaluation," from the British Columbia Civil Liberties
Association] And even non-experts are able to correctly identify
the gender of a writer about 70% of the time. Since there is
no useful theory as to how graphology might work, it is not
surprising that there is no empirical evidence that any graphological
characteristics significantly correlate with any interesting
Some theory and history in support of graphology can be viewed
Even more zaniness regarding Graphology.
Information about the junk science behind Graphology from
the Skeptic's Dictionary.
An incredibly detailed article on graphology discussing everything
you could possibly want to know about it. From a skeptic's
point-of- view, of course.